Tuesday, May 26, 2020
Possible Essay Topics For Things Fall ApartI've never heard of anyone coming up with possible essay topics for things to fall apart. I guess you could try to come up with such topics, but I'm not sure it would be too easy. I think the subject of love and how it develops in a relationship is a good one to examine.I have always thought that if you're talking about issues that you're going through, you're already on the right track. If you're going through problems that you can't get out of, then maybe the issue of where you go from here will come up. However, if you're talking about the idea of love and what happens when it dies, I think you're on the wrong track. Now, there are many ways in which love can die. But here's an idea for you.Love can last for a lifetime and many people actually believe that's true but most of the time they only spend a short period of time there and it dies and they move on. At least that's what I'd like to think. You see, some things can last forever. It' s human nature to look back at past relationships as if they're part of a process that will continue. There's nothing wrong with that.For example, a writer's life can go through different phases and go through different emotions. Some of them will be happy, some sad, and some frustrated. Some times they will write, and sometimes they won't.However, that's not what a writer's life is really about. I don't mean that it should go through a state of happiness or sadness at all. It should just be part of writing a book. Most writers get through the process in one piece, it's as simple as that.However, you'll find that you'll develop a relationship with each different aspect of the work that you do and that will change over time. When I finished my first novel, my next book was going to be one that I was writing about my life. And the next was going to be one that I was writing about my thoughts.I didn't come up with those topics for things to fall apart as a method of writing, that's som ething that I came up with as I was researching. Maybe you should write about this too. Even if you don't come up with the topic of fall apart and then stick with it, maybe it's a good idea to talk about it so that you'll understand it better.
Saturday, May 16, 2020
Dating has always involved an emphasis on physical traits and characteristics, and in this regard, online dating is no different. However, virtual dating takes this emphasis to another level. According to DeVrieÃ¢â¬â¢s (2010) report, it super-charges the focus on looks more than in-person dating to encourage superficial judgment of others (p. 539). These online dating apps and websites create a situation where it is built around a sole profile picture, which can be edited by the user to enhance his or her appearance. The websites and apps produce a fundamental structure, in addition to human nature, that incentivizes the misrepresentation of oneÃ¢â¬â¢s self by promoting superficial means of judgment. De Vrie (2010) made a report that provided information that most users view the photographs of online daters before reading their profiles. Once users suspect the authenticity of a daterÃ¢â¬â¢s appearance, they might not fully believe datersÃ¢â¬â¢ text-based self-presentation thr ough the Ã¢â¬Ëhalo effectÃ¢â¬â¢ (p. 541). The Ã¢â¬Ëhalo effectÃ¢â¬â¢ is where the observerÃ¢â¬â¢s impression of a person influences the observerÃ¢â¬â¢s feelings and thoughts about another individual. Due to the impressions and perceptions put forth in online dating, it is a less effective way of establishing a relationship with someone. Through online dating, users also rely on subjective and potentially false information. According to Heino and her colleagues (2010), Ã¢â¬Å"About half of online daters have felt that someone else seriously misrepresentedShow MoreRelatedDating Online Essay1259 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesWhen navigating a dating app or website, searching and filtering tools allow daters to be more selective when finding a partner online than offline. Many enter the experience prepared with a desirable Ã¢â¬Å"shopping listÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢ of characteristics and qualities a potential partner must have. source? There is little opportunity to reveal information gradually and check for reciprocity along the way. Instead, reciprocity is determined prior to any communication. Many potential partners who would be given theRead MoreVirtual Proximity Is Important For A Serious Romantic Relationship1668 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagessomeone is to us physically and how accessible he or she is to us. Dating sites are consider ed useful because the user can choose the radius and mileage within which he or she would like to find a match. About a dozen smartphone apps enable people to connect anywhereÃ¢â¬âsports events, shopping mall, and other public placesÃ¢â¬âusing the location-based technology. Levine (2015) talked about virtual proximity, which is beneficial in the online dating scene. The simple visual presentation of the site portrays theRead MoreOnline Dating Vs. Internet1162 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesJessica Gardner Professor Minnis English 1D March 9, 2015 Online Dating Online dating is one of the most over-hyped and probably one of the worst places to find someone to have a romantic relationship with. But, with social networking becoming all the rage, online dating has become a huge phenomenon that has caught trend nationwide. In todays society it is considered the norm for human connections to be initiated by internet connections. We live in a century of emails, text messages, and FacebookRead MoreHow Technology Has Changed Today s Society1291 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesbecoming it is no surprise that dating online is becoming the most popular way to meet people. People just donÃ¢â¬â¢t have time to keep trying (and failing) at the Ã¢â¬Ëbar sceneÃ¢â¬â¢, they want to make the most of their time and find someone compatible for their needs at that moment. The following report is a summary of the findings of our research that was ran over a 15 day period (September 28th, 2016 to October 12th, 2016). OkCupid ranked as #8 best online dating website with over 7 million users. It becameRead MoreAnalysis Of Sanyasi Naidu Dadi, By Dr. Neil Clark Warren981 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesofficially launched in August 2000. After six months Houston investment firm Fayez Sarofim Company was invested $ 3 million. It is one of the main online dating websites. eHarmony helps singles to find serious, long-term relationships. The online person website targeted Ã¢â¬Å"mirage-mindedÃ¢â¬ individuals. The main difference between eHarmony and other websites, eHarmony hosted matching on the basis of Ã¢â¬Å"long-term compatibilityÃ¢â¬ . eHarmonyÃ¢â¬â¢s targeted on serious relationships sounded well with trust peopleRead MoreOnline / Social Media And Dating1103 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesOnline/Social Media and Dating When it comes to the details about the beginning of mankind, kind few things can be proven or presented as an absolute fact. One of the things that is an exception, which would be love. Love, infatuation, attraction or whatever you want to call the almost undefinable attraction to another human has always been around. Now the never ending question is how do you find love, how do you find the person that some would even say is created for them? Over the years mankindRead MoreOpportunity Analysis : Vana Koutsomitis1499 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageshelp bring more people together. The best possible solution that would help bring not only thousands, but millions of people together was a dating app. As there were other several dating apps in the market, Van wanted to bring a unique concept, that would combine dating and gaming in one single app. This was the birth of Dateplay, the first app of its kind. The app uses a special matching algorithm to pair potential couples after collecting their pe rsonality data through multiple choice quizzes. OnRead MoreHow The Internet Has Changed Dating1522 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesHow the internet has benefited dating in 21st century Introduction: Imagine a well-dressed single man pulls up to a single womanÃ¢â¬â¢s home in the early evening, he steps out of his car, and walks to her front door. The two of them were introduced to one another by a mutual friend at a social function a few weeks ago. The pair then go to an elegant restaurant; where conversation flows naturally for a couple hours, allowing one another to learn about the background and interests of the other. After dessertRead More`` No Need For Call, By Sherry Turkle And Jenna Wortham1083 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthe App,Ã¢â¬ may beg to differ. She considers a dimension that Turkle does not; Wortham adds the presence of video calls and mobile apps to the conversation. According to Wortham, Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢ve found that all of my conversational habits have matured beyond the static phone dates of yore. [Ã¢â¬ ¦] These interactions can help us feel physically close, even if they happen through a screenÃ¢â¬ (Wortham, 2014, p. 394). In other words, use of video cha t gives the illusion of face-to-face interaction, and other apps add endearingRead MoreOnline Dating : An Ideal Type Of Dating849 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesOnline dating is a fairly common occurrence in our society. Beginning with chatrooms in the early 90Ã¢â¬â¢s and expanding to mobile dating apps such as tinder and grinder (Kennedy, 2010), online dating has become an institutionalized part of romantic encounters in our society (Kennedy, 2010). Early 2000Ã¢â¬â¢s television and film such as Ã¢â¬Å"YouÃ¢â¬â¢ve Got MailÃ¢â¬ , and Ã¢â¬Å"Sex in the CityÃ¢â¬ show case the increased popularity of online dating during the time, and by looking at the variety of online dating websites and
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Our current study demonstrates that among hospitalized HF patients, 2179 (32%) had traditional AKI (rise in serum creatinine by =0.3 mg/dl) and 789 (12%) of hospitalized HF patients developed reverse AKI (drop in serum creatinine by =0.3 mg/dl). The change in serum creatinine of greater than or equal to 0.3mg/dl was associated with higher 30-day all-cause readmission and mortality. Interestingly, reverse AKI group was also associated with higher 30-day all-cause readmission and mortality. To our knowledge this is the first study that reports 30-day all cause readmission and mortality by serial changes in serum creatinine in hospitalized HF patients. There is a need for increased awareness regarding this particular subset of patients.Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The explanation for presentation of this group is multifactorial including advanced stage of heart failure, old age, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, acute coronary syndrome, secondary to aggressive diuresis as supported by increased use of loop and potassium sparing diuretics and an intrinsic imbalance between the vasoconstrictive (epinephrine, angiotensin, endothelin) and vasodilatory hormones (natriuretic peptides, nitric oxide). 7 The risk of readmission and mortality in reverse AKI group is similar to traditional AKI as shown in our study. Hence the increase in creatinine is not only a marker of severity of heart failure but also represents a pathway for accelerated cardiovascular injury. In a study of chronic heart failure patients in ambulatory setting the authors found that worsening renal function within 6 months of referral was prognostically associated with all-cause mortality and heart failure readmission. 8 Major studies to date predicting heart failure morbidity and mortality do not include AKI as one of the prognostic indicators.9, 10 A recently published meta-analysis suggests that the benefit of renin-angiotensin aldosterone inhibitor is not diminished by worsening renal function and is in fact greater in the group with the worsening renal function.11 Hence contrary to the practice of stopping ACE/ARB in patients with AKI they are more essential in this high risk group with increased readmission and mortality. Also
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Compare and contrast how masculinity is explored in two texts you have studied in light of this comment. Masculinity is a theme that has been addressed in society for many years the issue of masculinity is expressed in the texts All new people and Streetcar named desire, the men are seen as brutal forces of society but from different perspectives; One of the 1950Ã¢â¬â¢s post war reality and the other reflects the modern freedoms . In the play A Streetcar named Desire, masculinity means aggression, control, physical dominance, and even violence. Accompanying these traits is a general lack of refinement, manners, and sensitivity. One point of view expressed in the play is that this sort of brute masculinity is primitive and sub-human another is that it is attractive and sexually appealing, alternatively freedom and liberalism has left the men in All New People as victims of society, and it has left them without strong role models, power, community, faith or rules. A Streetcar Named Desire presents a sharp critique of the way the institutions and attitudes of postwar America placed restrictions on womenÃ¢â¬â¢s lives and how men were given power. Williams uses BlancheÃ¢â¬â¢s and StellaÃ¢â¬â¢s dependence on men to expose and critique the treatment of women during the transition from the old to the new South. Given this power and reliance the men in A Streetcar named Desire, Stanley being great examples see this as a chance to do whatever he wants whenever he wants without a care for anyone. He is the man who likes to lay his cards on the table. He can understand no relationship between man and woman except a sexual one, where he sees the mans role as giving and taking pleasure from this relationship. He possesses no quality that would not be considered manly in the most basic sense. By more sensitive people, he is seen as common, crude, and vulgar. Centering on the male characters in both plays Stanley and Myron both have manual jobs, which emphasizes their masculinity and authority, Ã¢â¬ËA Streetcar Named DesireÃ¢â¬â¢ is based in a post war society, when men were returning from war and taking back their roles from the women, Stanley is a character who is very proud of his working class background and he sees himself as the head of the household, he is also patriotic. When Blanche calls him a Ã¢â¬ËpolackÃ¢â¬â¢ and he responds by saying Ã¢â¬ËI am not a Polack. People from Poland are Poles, not Polacks. But what I am is a one hundred percent American, born and raised in the greatest country on earth and proud as hell of it, so donÃ¢â¬â¢t ever call me aÃ Polack. Ã¢â¬â¢ here we see StanleyÃ¢â¬â¢s patriotic side he also uses the Napoleonic code to reassert his masculinity. Stanley asserts his dominance over Blanche by saying Ã¢â¬ËDonÃ¢â¬â¢t ever call me a PolackÃ¢â¬â¢ this is an instruction and Stanley sets boundaries for Blanche. Myron being a similar character to Stanley is a fireman which is a very masculine job as it requires bravery and courage and comes along with the role of saving lives. The stage direction used show Myron is very proud of himself, even though when he should be ashamed of himself, Charlie addresses Myron has a Ã¢â¬Ëdrug problemÃ¢â¬â¢ and Myron responds by saying Ã¢â¬ËDoesnÃ¢â¬â¢t really feel like a problem to me Ã¢â¬Ëthis shows Myron is unaware that his drug use is a problem and itÃ¢â¬â¢s a form of escapism for him like alcohol is for Stanley. CharlieÃ¢â¬â¢s way to escape from realism was to hang himself he didnÃ¢â¬â¢t want to face up to what he did like a man would usually. But when he is interrupted he seeks to avoid loneliness because of his guilt and so he can forget what he did he feels this is a way to take responsibility for what he did but Stanley on the other doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t take responsibility of what he has done the rape of Blanche by Stanley is a pivotal, integral truth in the play, without which the play loses its meaning, which is the ravishment of the tender, the sensitive, the delicate, by the savage and brutal forces of modern society. In some ways Charlie and Mitch are quite similar, both characters arenÃ¢â¬â¢t taken seriously by their peers, Myron says to Charlie Ã¢â¬ËI think youÃ¢â¬â¢re making shit up to try to get laidÃ¢â¬â¢. Myron doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t believe that Charlie was responsible for the death of 6 people. Myron also challenges CharlieÃ¢â¬â¢s masculinity by saying Ã¢â¬ËAnd your vibe, frankly, reeks of pussyÃ¢â¬â¢. Likewise Stanley and his friends make fun of the fact that Mitch looks after his mother, Stanley says Ã¢â¬ËAnd when he goes home heÃ¢â¬â¢ll deposit them one by one in a piggy bank his mother gave him for ChristmasÃ¢â¬â¢ here Stanley also challenges MitchÃ¢â¬â¢s masculinity by mentioning the fact his mum bought him a piggy bank, this makes him look less of a man as mothers buy things for their young children, Mitch is very different to Stanley as he is unmarried and living with his mother. All the men are vulnerable to an extent when it comes to love, this links into context as Williams was a homosexual in a time periodÃ where it was considered wrong to be gay, he met and fell in love with Frank Merlo in 1947, which then died of lung cancer, and Williams suffered from depression 10 years on. Williams is similar to Mitch, as Mitch lost a former lover and describes it to Blanche Ã¢â¬ËShe knew she was dying when she gave me this. A very strange girl, very sweet- very! Ã¢â¬â ¢ Here Mitch expresses how nice this woman was, but he lost her. CharlieÃ¢â¬â¢s girlfriend left him to travel and that contributed to his breakdown and depression, like wise Zach Braff had a period of depression. Stanley vulnerability is his love for Stella, Stanley bellows Ã¢â¬Å"STELL-LAHHHHH!Ã Ã¢â¬ into the night like a wounded beast calling for the return of his mate when he has a drunken episode. I feel society is a big influence on the men in the two texts, Ã¢â¬ËA Streetcar Named DesireÃ¢â¬â¢ is set in the early 50Ã¢â¬â¢s a time period where men were returning from war, and the SC Government were promoting a Ã¢â¬Ëpatriarchal societyÃ¢â¬â¢, which empowered men like Stanley who fit into the Ã¢â¬ËNew AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢. There was a renewed focus on family and community, therefore Stanley fits into this mould, as he is a family man. This empowers him as he has the responsibility of being a husband and also the household provider and this reinforces his masculinity. Felicia Harrison LondrÃ¢â¬â¢e states Ã¢â¬Ëthe post-war urban-industrial society in which StanleyÃ¢â¬â¢s class has gained leverageÃ¢â¬â¢- This refers to main re gaining their positions of work and their roles in the household/ work. Whereas Ã¢â¬ËAll New PeopleÃ¢â¬â¢ is in the 20th century where society is much more secular and much more liberal, in the stage play Ã¢â¬ËAll New PeopleÃ¢â¬â¢ Braff presents the characters as condoning to promiscuity and substance abuse. Religion is now more about knowledge rather than faith, for example Emma says Ã¢â¬ËIÃ¢â¬â¢m catholic, I donÃ¢â¬â¢t think we get virginsÃ¢â¬â¢ This shows she knows little about the religion she claims to be part of. Back in the 50Ã¢â¬â¢s promiscuity was something to be frowned upon; women like Blanche were labelled as a Ã¢â¬Ëfallen womanÃ¢â¬â¢. Stanley lives by his natural instincts and doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t believe in civilisation, where as in Ã¢â¬ËAll New PeopleÃ¢â¬â¢ capitalism and individualism is encouraged, all characters are misfits and share one thing in common, due to their freedom, they are lost. It can be argued that society is now too liberal in this day and age. Myron makes a comment- Ã¢â¬ËHow fucked up is our society?! Guys like Kevin OÃ¢â¬â¢Donnell up there on Wall Street are dumping more money into hoes Myron expresses his disgust for the crazy things people do, but yet he possesses many of the same attitudes. Braff portrays the negative effects of modern freedom, including loneliness and feeling like an outcast, Charlie has no one to leave a suicide note for, this shows he is part of a society where every man is for himself, Charlie says Ã¢â¬ËOf course IÃ¢â¬â¢m lonelyÃ¢â¬â¢ he isnÃ¢â¬â¢t hesitant about saying this and its obvious he wants people around him as the play goes on but he turns people away for a awhile till he finally begins to open up. Myron is an outcast, and there is a clear representation of this when he pulls the noose from the ceiling and the ceiling comes crashing in this is a representation of society falling in and when Myron Ã¢â¬Ëwatches through the windowÃ¢â¬â¢- this shows heÃ¢â¬â¢s an outsider looking in, he doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t belong anywhere he goes, he was sacked from teaching and denied by Emma. Towards the end of the story Charlie says Ã¢â¬ËEverythingÃ¢â¬â¢s going to be OKÃ¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬â this is ironic as he was the one that needed to be told that at the start, this is reverse physiology. In both plays men can be seen as brutal, Myron threatens to expose Emma; this is an example of him using his masculinity to overpower a woman. But men are less brutal in Ã¢â¬ËAll New PeopleÃ¢â¬â¢ as women have more rights in this era, where as in the 1950Ã¢â¬â¢s women had very little say and were dependant on their man, CharlieÃ¢â¬â¢s girlfriend left him, and was able to because she isnÃ¢â¬â¢t dependant on him like Stella is, and the fact the Stanley knows Stella is dependent on him, empowers him more in the sense that he can manipulate her with no consequences and sheÃ¢â¬â¢ll come running back to him, because she hasnÃ¢â¬â¢t really got a choice. Stella was beaten by Stanley, before the movement of feminism and the Ã¢â¬ËWomenÃ¢â¬â¢s Liberation MovementÃ¢â¬â¢, domestic violence was seen as a forbidden subject and in A Streetcar Named Desire Williams shows how society ignored the subject. Domestic violence is a very major subject in Ã¢â¬ËA Streetcar Named DesireÃ¢â¬â¢. Mitch doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t see Stanley hitting Stella as an issue and he says Ã¢â¬ËHo, ho! ThereÃ¢â¬â¢s nothing to be scared of. TheyÃ¢â¬â¢re crazy about each otherÃ¢â¬â¢
Wednesday, April 15, 2020
A brief overview of major events and figures in the Nation of Islam. This paper takes a look at the accomplishments of the Black Muslims offering an alternative to the peaceful, pacifistic teachings of leaders such as Martin Luther King, Jr. The author of this paper shows that the Nation of Islam has played a major role in shaping the ideas and destinies of those of African descent, regardless of their religion. Brooklyn Congressman Major R. Owens, referring mainly to Black Muslims, in 1994, stated, There are a lot of frustrated, angry, bitter people who are looking for a leader. In some cases they are looking for something to hate. This sentiment strongly reflects the origins and ideas of Islamic African-Americans throughout their existence. Members of The Nation of Islam, and its factions, believe strongly in black pride, nationalism, and separation.
Thursday, March 12, 2020
Two theories of motivation Essays Two theories of motivation Essay Two theories of motivation Essay Motivation is an intangible human plus which acts as a driver that pushes worlds to be willing to execute certain actions. In merely about everything we do there is something that moves us to execute the action which involves some motive leting us to execute undertakings or actions which produces some type of personal benefit as a consequence. The general theory would be that, the greater the personal addition in executing the undertaking for the person, the more motivated they are to seek at the undertaking to accomplish the best result. Motivation is normally stimulated by a privation where there is a addition to be had as a consequence of executing a certain undertaking. As Todes, McKinney, Ferguson, Jr. ( 1977 ) p.223 provinces, A individual is a desiring being he ever wants, and he wants more. Therefore if there is nil that an single wants, there would be no demand for them to execute a certain undertaking as there is nil they can derive from it. Over c lip there have been many motivational theories developed to seek and research what motive is and how different degrees of motive can be achieved with different inputs. Two of the most widely recognised motivational theories come from Abraham Maslow ( hierarchy of demands ) and Fredrick Herzberg ( two factor theory ) . Directors in concerns would utilize these theories in an effort to actuate staff to supply them with occupation satisfaction and in return receive better undertaking public presentation. Through extended research Maslow and Herzberg developed their ain theories which are now used in concerns all around the universe. Both differ in how they are applied but in the modern universe they are seen as being wholly true by many although they should be perceived as being an interesting debatable set of observations about what motivates people ( Finchman A ; Rhodes, 2005 ) p.199. This is due to the deficiency of grounds to state that they are wholly true despite using to the overall bulk. Each is really similar in the manner that there are certain demands that must be fulfilled earlier high degrees of motive can be obtained. Abraham Maslow sets out a hierarchy of importance where human demands are arranged in a series of degrees ( Todes et al. 1977 ) . Like Herzberg s two factor theory, the demands in Maslow s hierarchy can be split into two degrees. The first set being the basic demands, incorporate physiological and safety demands. The 2nd set can be seen as the incentives dwelling of societal, esteem and self actualizing demands. In comparing to Herzberg, basic demands would be the equivalent of hygiene demands dwelling of: salary, co-workers, supervising, policies and environment. Herzberg s 2nd set ( incentives ) includes: acknowledgment, publicity, accomplishment, duty and intrinsic occupation facets, all of which are separately rather self-explanatory and reasonably interlinked ( Finchman A ; Rhodes, 2005 ) . As the construction of Maslow s hierarchy suggests, the higher incentives are harder to accomplish than the old and there is an order to which they must be acquired. If the old incentive ha s non been moderately satisfied so there will be no desire to seek and obtain the following. The physiological demands are reflected in the human demand to eat, breathe, remainder, drink and engage in active enterprises ( Todes et al. 1977 ) p.244. These demands can be seen as necessities for endurance doing it logical to be topographic point at the underside of the hierarchy and as the lowest incentive ( Todes et al. 1977 ) . Safety needs come in the signifier of experiencing secure in the occupation that you have which means that there is a demand of: shelter, a strong feeling of occupation security and as Todes et Al. ( 1977 ) provinces, a demand for protection against physical dangers along with the demand to gain a just wage that can fulfill a given criterion of life which is an component in Herzberg s list of hygiene factors. A director would be able to carry through the basic demands by giving suited sum of clip for interruptions in which the physiological demands can be eas y met. Safety would deduce from supervising and policies of the company where they act as a usher, assisting the employee s advancement giving them a feeling of being good supported. The environment that they work in would besides assist with employees experiencing safe every bit long as there is the turning away of physical dangers. Besides there is the struggle of whether or non salary is a incentive. Directors may believe that employees would work harder for a rise whereas others believe it is uneffective. Although necessary, hence it being placed in the hygiene factors and incorporated in the safety needs, it is non a incentive. The ground for this may be that although one receives more money for what they do, they will non needfully work harder holding acquired the rise. This therefore links salary to the incentive, publicity which would be the ground for why there is a sudden addition in an persons income. The incentives, get downing with societal demands, ( Maslow s 3rd demand which could be seen as being at the base of the motivational hierarchy ) can non be achieved unless the basic needs anterior to it are in topographic point and adequately satisfied. Social demands can be seen as the desire for interaction, credence and a sense of belonging with associates and personal familiarities ( Todes et al. 1977. With Herzberg, it can be argued that the societal incentive is split between both the categorical factors beliing Maslow s perceptual experience of it. As the hygiene factors of co-workers and to an extent, supervising, carry through the societal demand for interaction, the incentive acknowledgment would take to run intoing the demand for credence and belonging. Herzberg s incentive of acknowledgment combined with publicity, duty and possibly accomplishment would besides be linked with Maslow s 4th demand, respect. This, a more personal, possibly narcissistic demand, is much harde r for a director to integrate into the on the job environment due to the managerial tendency of cut downing most occupations to their lowest degree of occupation content ( Todes et al. 1977 ) . Bing noticed for good public presentation through congratulations and acknowledgment, which could take to the accomplishment of a publicity where duty is increased, can all be subscribers towards carry throughing regard but neer efficaciously fulfilling it wholly. Even if it does, it will merely be temporarily and possibly non plenty for the peak demand of self-actualisation to get down being met. It hence acts as a changeless incentive to work harder or go on working to run into the higher demands ( Finchman A ; Rhodes 1977 ) . Self-actualization is where an single grows towards a house apprehension of their abilities and utilises these accomplishments at an optimal degree ( McGregor. 1964 ) . This concluding demand nevertheless, is seldom met, hence it being at the top of the hierarchy as the thought of: as you progress up the hierarchy, the extremum of each demand that must be passed is higher than the demand before it. Not merely is this an of import factor, there is besides the demand that the old demands, although less dominant in focal point, must stay active and tolerably satisfied before the following factor can be of any involvement to the person ( Krech, Crutchfield A ; Ballachey cited in Todes et Al. 1977 ) . Due to this and the general fact that self-pride is satisfied in little measures and non on a regular basis, it does non do geting self-actualization an easy undertaking due to the antecedently described theory regulation. Although Herzberg s theory operates likewise, there is non as rigoro us an order to follow as to whether a specific factor must be met before another one can go of any involvement other than working on the footing that all hygiene factors must be adequately satisfied before any incentives can get down to be of any relevancy to the person. In this facet the theoretical account is more indulgent and due to non holding a rigorous order of how they must be met, any factor within their several classs can be acquired in any order doing it easy and ready to be tested. Not merely this but each factor is really much interlinked and regards one another in the manner that when one is achieved, other factors can be acquired in speedy sequence. Directors could so integrate this into the manner that undertakings are delegated so that when an employee completes one undertaking they obtain a certain sum of demand satisfaction. On the following undertaking performed, more demands could be fulfilled and unwittingly, employees would be come oning through the fulfilment of either Maslow or Herzberg s demands where they attain either more self-actualisation or occupation satisfaction. What needs to be kept in head is that although the two are really similar, Maslow s hierarchy can be applied about any state of affairs with the purpose of researching psychological patterned advance. Whereas Herzberg s theory outlines more of what factors must be in topographic point before occupation satisfaction can be achieved associating more specifically to motive and its impact within the work topographic point ( Finchman A ; Rhodes. 2005 ) . The intrinsic occupation facets would be the closest incentive related to personal achievement as this demand involves the employees feeling that through working they are profiting and developing as an person. This therefore means that a director would necessitate to seek and place which of the two theories they think would be most effectual and accomplishable in developing employee motive. Do they desire their employees to get occupation satisfaction through Herzberg s incentives or to be self realizing being more willing to work unders tanding themselves and what they are capable of. A combination of the two could be possible in Maslow s basic demands and Herzberg s hygiene factors but the acquisition of both does non needfully intend that motive or occupation satisfaction would be obtained, it merely means that occupation dissatisfaction would be probably to develop without it ( Finchman A ; Rhodes 2005 ) . Another point to retrieve is that non all persons are the same in what they want hence the theoretical accounts non being universally accurate. A state of affairs where either theoretical account would non be to the full applicable is where 1 is happy with their current place and the undertakings that they perform. As a consequence of the fulfilment of an unwanted demand such as publicity, that peculiar employee may underachieve as they have lost the occupation satisfaction they had prior to the acquisition of that motivational demand. Whereas another who may hold wanted such a demand would be discouraged due to them non having the publicity and as a consequence de-motivated the employee. As mentioned, everyone is different in their degrees of satisfaction and motivational precedences, some of which would be unknown to the person. Even if known they may non cognize what to make to obtain them. From this a director would hold to happen a manner of being able to match the demands of people with appropriate inducements ( Todes et al. 1977 ) p.165. Of class for a director to carry through all these demands they would hold to be able to associate to the motivational demands of the employees beneath them and integrate them into their scheme so that employees would be able to accomplish them through the undertakings they perform. As these motivational demands are met, employees may be more motivated to work and unwittingly develop other motivational demands that are fulfilled through the director s undertaking apparatus. A really of import factor for a director to retrieve harmonizing to Finc hman A ; Rhodes ( 2005 ) p.266, is that the rule of behavior that is rewarded tends to be repeated and that which is punished, avoided. From this, it can be seen that directors have a strong ability and influence on their employees behaviour. Therefore both motivational theories are non entire antonyms of each other but are in fact really similar. Both focal point on the incentives as being subscribers to psychological growing and development ( Finchman A ; Rhodes, 2005 ) . Each has certain demands which must be met before person can come on onto accomplishing motivational demands, such as in Maslow s instance the basic demands and the hygiene needs in Herzberg s both are seen as being needed to be in topographic point before there can be any patterned advance onto the following set of incentives. This besides expresses how both are similarly split into two groups. A large difference would be how Maslow s theory can use to any state of affairs but Herzberg s is more applicable in the workplace and set out in a manner that made it easy to turn out correct, whereas it was more hard with the former despite being taught as true ( Finchman A ; Rhodes, 2005 ) . Directors could efficaciously integrate the motivational techniqu es into developmental schemes by planing a work environment where employees would be able to develop personally as they work, in bend they could unwittingly get motive ( Todes et al. 1977 ) . This manner employees would be more willing to execute their undertakings and develop demands promoting them to work harder, going more motivated to run into these new demands. But possibly the most obvious and of import similarity is that although they are taught as being true, a director would necessitate to maintain in head that they are non. Even though they apply to the bulk, different people have different demands and degrees of satisfaction therefore either theoretical account can non be wholly relied on for a director to seek motivate employees ( McGregor. 1964 ) . Reference List: Finchman. R A ; Rhodes. P, Principles Of Organisational Behaviour, 2005 P.199, P.233 McGregor. D, The Professional Manager, 1964 P.11, P.75 Todes. J.L, Mckinney. J, Ferguson Jr. W, Management A ; Motivation, 1977 P. 165, P. 223-227, P.244
Tuesday, February 25, 2020
Taj Mahal - An Artist's view - Research Paper Example The Taj Mahal is considered a symbol of love, an architectural marvel, and as a symbol of the Mughal Empire. It has found expression in the poetry and art of numerous poets and artists. The Noble laureate Rabindranath Tagore has described it Ã¢â¬Å"like a solitary tear suspended on the cheek of timeÃ¢â¬ . The Taj Mahal is IndiaÃ¢â¬â¢s foremost touristÃ¢â¬â¢s destination. The Taj Mahal was constructed in a span of 16 years (1632-1648 AD), employing about 20,000 workers, in an area of 17 hectares. After the construction of Taj Mahal was over other buildings and structures of the complex such as the mosque, the mosqueÃ¢â¬â¢s replica, main gate and the garden were developed. When the Taj Mahal was built it had a flowing river Yamuna passing through its foot. But, now, the Taj stands near the Yamuna which is polluted and has shrunk to some extent. The Taj building now shows some signs of ageing, but it still stands out as a magnificent building with its original beauty and grandeur. Looking at Taj Mahal from a long distance across the Yamuna River, the Taj appears as a distinct structure in a crowded city. The first view of Taj from outside gives the impression of a white structure that is delicate, superfine, not of this world, an exquisite beauty, and eternal. There is a feeling, if this large structure that it is, really true and existing! All other structures available in the Taj complex are supportive, are in line with the bilateral symmetry and style, so the entire complex merges into oneness. The Taj complex is spread in the vast area of sprawling Mughal Garden of nearly 17 hectares, surrounded by high security wall built around it with four entrances. The main gate is situated in the southern side of the complex. With the southern main gate as a reference point, the Taj is located in the north of the garden, and further to the north is the river Yamuna. The placement of Taj Mahal in the north of the garden, instead of the center, gives